When the muscle spasms of the diaphragm made spontaneous sounds then hiccups occur. The diaphragm is a large sheet of muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity. The shutting down of the glottis (vocal cord) stopped the spasm that causes an intake of breath and this process form a hick sound.
Singultus or synchronous diaphragmatic flutter is the medical names.
Many factors that cause hiccups include intake of alcohol, smoking, bad odor, emotional excitement, drinking cold beverages over hot beverages during pregnancy.
Mostly hiccups resolve after seconds, but when that last for weeks is a symptom of some underlying disorder and called persistent or intractable hiccups.
The diseases that prompt to intractable or persistent hiccups are pleurisy, abdominal surgery, kidney stone, nicotine gum, pneumonia, stroke, oesophagitis, chest surgery, nervous breakdown or brain tumor, and epilepsy. If hiccups come for a short period, then it is not harmful, but if you have hiccoughs for more than forty-eight hours then consult with your doctor to check out the underlying disorder.
There are so many options to treat the underlying disease include medication like baclofen, benzodiazepines, nifedipine, chlorpromazine and metoclopramide. Surgeries can be used to end the extreme hiccups include Surgical implantation of the diaphragmatic pacemaker and nasogastric intubation.
The persistent or intractable hiccups after surgery get cure completely.
Hiccups Alternative Medicine – Natural Treatment
In this blog, you come to know some easy and useful home remedies to treat your hiccups.
1. Breath in and Breath out five to six times, it will increase the level of carbon dioxide in the blood and bring more oxygen that stops the hiccups.
2. Drink honey and warm water mixture it will alleviate.
3. Eat some sugar, chocolate and marshmallow.
4. Take one teaspoon of vinegar and three teaspoons of water and use it as a mouthwash.
5. Eat one teaspoon of peanut butter then say good-bye to hiccups.
6. Chew some fennel seeds.